Vigorously promote the upgrading of China's cotton textile industry

China's cotton textile industry covers many areas of agriculture and industry and involves many aspects such as cotton production, cotton ginning, spinning, weaving, printing and dyeing, ready-made garments and end-use consumption, which have many influential factors and are the most market-oriented industries It is also the pillar industry in China's economic development. The market environment of China's cotton textile industry is close to complete competition. Enterprises in the industry are weak in anti-risk ability and can only passively accept the market price. The industry's dependence on foreign countries is relatively high, which is greatly affected by such factors as macro-economy, policy environment and RMB appreciation. Industry profits are not stable, the market competitiveness is weak. This paper attempts to analyze the policy environment of China's cotton textile industry, combined with the operation of all aspects of the textile, analysis of ways to improve the competitiveness of the textile industry and improve the efficiency of industrial operations. Industry Overview 10 years after China's accession to the WTO, China's textile industry maintained its rapid development. In 2011, the textile enterprises above designated size realized a total industrial output value of 5.478650 trillion yuan, an increase of 26.8% over the same period of last year. The total volume of textile industry continued to grow, but the growth rate dropped significantly. The growth of fixed assets investment and new projects slowed down. The profit growth of the industry continued to drop. The increase was mainly due to the increase of labor cost, the rise of raw material prices and the appreciation of RMB. The era of high cost of the textile industry has arrived and China's textile and clothing industry, with its cheap labor force as the main support, has gradually lost its cost advantage. Cotton Production Output Change Unstable Cotton Production China has a long history of cotton planting and is currently the world's largest producer of cotton. The annual cotton planting area is about 80 million mu and the output is about 6 million tons. China is also the largest cotton consumer in the world with an annual cotton consumption of 10 million tons and a consumption gap of 4 million tons. Due to the labor cost of planting cotton and planting subsidies far less than food crops, although the yield is slightly higher than that of food crops, cotton growers are less willing to plant cotton and the area under cultivation is declining. In addition, due to the extreme weather, cotton production in China in recent years Decline faster. 1. Lack of unified planting plan According to the geographical location, China's cotton planting can be divided into three major areas: the Yangtze River cotton area, the Yellow River cotton area and the Xinjiang cotton area. The output of cotton in Xinjiang accounts for about 45% of the total output of the country, about 25% of the cotton in the Yellow River Basin and about 10% of the cotton in the Yangtze River Basin. In addition to cotton planting in Xinjiang into a larger area, the other cotton planting more dispersed, the lack of a unified plan, subject to price factors. Cotton production in the Yangtze River and Yellow River cotton areas depends largely on cotton farmers. March to May each year is the cotton seeding period, and cotton farmers will not consider cotton production if they earn more than the food crop or slightly more than the earnings from the grain-growing crop as a result of the time-consuming work of food crops. In 2011, the state issued a temporary cotton storage plan for stabilizing cotton acreage. From September 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012, cotton was purchased in an unlimited amount at a price of 19,800 yuan / ton. The temporary cotton storage plan has played a good role in stabilizing the cotton planting area. In 2011, the cotton planting area in our country showed a recovery growth. In 2012, the state continued the cotton purchasing and storage policy, while increasing the reserve price to 20400 yuan / ton. The market is expected to stabilize the purchasing and storage policy. The effect of cotton price is not enough to make up for the drop in area caused by the falling cotton prices. The introduction of cotton purchasing and storage policy by the state is conducive to stabilizing cotton production, is conducive to the healthy development of cotton textile industry, but also paves the way for industrial upgrading. 2. Growing costs of planting cotton planting cost changes in recent years, due to rising prices, cotton planting costs also rose. In 2010, the price of cotton was higher and the area under cultivation increased. However, the cost of cotton was also rapidly rising. In 2011, the output value of cotton was 1995.1 yuan / mu, of which the total cost was 1584 yuan / mu and the net profit was 411 yuan / mu. The total cost per acre material and service costs 585 yuan, up 39%, labor costs 782 yuan, up 9%, land costs 217 yuan, up 24%. Among the materialized costs, 50 yuan for seeds, 165 yuan for chemical fertilizers, 200 yuan for pesticides, agricultural plastic sheets and farmyard manures, 150 yuan for machinery leasing, and 20 yuan for other kinds all showed different degrees of increase. Cotton should be trimmed every 15 days, but also regular watering, timely ventilation, and picking longer, cotton growers can not go out to work. In the meantime, national policies have significantly increased the subsidies for grain production over cotton. At present, peasants have grain subsidies, grain subsidies and comprehensive agricultural subsidies. In 2011, subsidies totaled 98 yuan per mu. The government subsidies for planting less, only 15 yuan per mu of seed subsidies, significantly less willing to plant cotton farmers planting food crops.

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